Periodontal (Gum) Disease
What Is Gum Disease?
Gum disease or periodontal disease is a progressive oral health issue. It begins with the irritation and inflammation of your gum tissue due to a buildup of plaque and oral bacteria. This first process is called gingivitis and if left untreated, the condition only continues to grow worse and lead to gum disease or periodontal disease. Your swollen gums pull away from your teeth, creating spaces or pockets, where the bacteria fall and collect into these pockets. The bacteria then continue to attack your gums, along with your jawbone and periodontal ligaments. Eventually, your gums begin to recede, your teeth become loose, and you may even experience tooth loss. It is even possible for bacteria to make their way into your bloodstream, which can then lead to serious issues such as heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.
Signs and Symptoms
Gum disease can be painless, so it is important to be aware of any of the following symptoms:
How Can Gum Disease Be Prevented?
There are several steps that you can take to maintain your periodontal health, along with the health of your teeth, your mouth, and your whole body in general. These steps include:
How Is Gum Disease Treated?
While taking proper care of your mouth goes a long way in helping you to prevent gum disease, it can still happen. If you notice any symptoms of gum disease, no matter how minor they may seem, it is important that you contact our office right away.
Treatments for gum disease vary based on the severity of your situation. Earlier stages of gum disease can often be treated right at our office with a procedure called scaling and root planing, a “deep” cleaning of your teeth. Our well educated hygienists help to perform this procedure for the early periodontal cases. They use techniques and dental technology to help clean to the base of the perio pocket. In some cases we administer an antibiotic which goes in after the perio pocket is cleaned and kills any residual bacteria. More advanced stages, we would refer and work closely with a specialist called a periodontist who may recommend more treatments, such as pocket reduction surgery or grafting, if needed.
When it comes to maintaining your periodontal health, taking proper care of your teeth and gums is essential. For more information, or if you suspect something is wrong, contact The Elmwood Dental Group LLC today at (860) 331-8748.
Our Gum Disease Services:
A periodontal maintenance procedure (PMP) is defined as a procedure that is recommended following periodontal treatment (such as scaling and root planing) and continues at varying intervals, determined by the clinical evaluation of the dentist.
Learn More About Gum Disease
Bruxism and Gum Disease
Gum Disease and your Heart
How is Gum Disease Treated