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The Role Of Orthodontics In Correcting Bite And Alignment Issues

Posted on 7/24/2023 by Elmwood Dental Group
The Role Of Orthodontics In Correcting Bite And Alignment Issues Orthodontics is a field of specialization in dentistry that focuses on treating misaligned teeth/jaws. When teeth or jaws are misaligned, biting becomes imbalanced. This results in either an underbite or an excessive bite. If a malocclusion is left untreated, it can cause dental complications in the long run.


Orthodontists during dental examinations carry out X-rays to establish if the teeth and jaws are properly aligned. Depending on the severity of the condition, orthodontists classify teeth and jaw misalignment into 3 classes: crowded or too far apart spaced teeth especially the front teeth, severe overbite, and severe underbite. Most cases of malocclusions are a result of genetics. Other causes are such as teeth anomalies, birth defects (cleft lip and palate), unsuccessful dental procedures, and temporomandibular joint disorders.

Fixed/Removable Appliances and Other Treatment Options

Orthodontists implement the use of both fixed and removable devices that support straightening misaligned teeth and correcting all forms of malocclusions. Just like the name suggests, fixed braces are installed for a specified time frame until teeth and jaw alignment is achieved. Fixed braces include braces and space maintainers. Braces are devices attached to the teeth and are bonded to wires that help to glue the device and teeth together. Removable devices include clear aligners, retainers, TMJ splints, and headgear braces.

Clear aligners are less conspicuous forms of braces and are ideal for people who want to reduce visibility. Headgear braces adjust the jaw with braces. Headgear braces have fixed straps fitted out of the mouth and around the head to slow the growth of the upper jaw. The intention is to afford as much time as possible for the lower jaw to grow and catch up.

In the cases of overcrowding, orthodontists address the condition by getting rid of all the excess teeth. In extreme cases, orthodontists recommend jaw surgery. Jaw surgery encompasses repositioning the upper or lower jaw. Jaw surgery works best with a combination of orthodontic correction appliances. Choose to contact us today for more information and the best dental care experience.

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