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Exploring Common Oral Pathology Conditions

Posted on 3/1/2024 by Weo Admin
a 3d rendering of teeth undergoing periodontal treatmentDental pathological research is based on determining and assessing the diseases and deformities of the oral and maxillofacial structures. These comprise infections, inflammatory conditions, and malignant or benign tumors.

Cavities in the Teeth

Dental caries, or cavities, are one of the most common dental health concerns. It is caused when bacteria in the mouth produce acid, which reduces the level of minerals in the tooth enamel.


The accumulation of plaque causes gingivitis. It can cause bone loss, gum recession, tooth mobility, and periodontitis due to treatment failure.

Candidiasis Oral

Thrush is a yeast overgrowth caused by Candida. The symptoms include white patches on the surface of the tongue, within the cheeks, on the roof of the mouth, or on the area below the tongue.

Oral Sores

Canker sores or superficial ulcers (also called aphthous ulcers) occur throughout the tongue, gums, cheeks, or lips. These ulcers are usually harmless and heal over time, but it may be necessary to treat them if they recur.


Clinically, leukoplakia can be seen as white patches of the oral mucosa, which can be thicker depending on the part of the oral mucosa. Though benign, leukoplakia has been shown to change into a precancerous or malignant lesion, which is usually associated with smoking.

Oral Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is a long-term inflammatory condition that may result in red, swollen sores or white, lacy patterns on the mucous membrane of the mouth. While the origin point is unknown, an autoimmune response is usually considered a part of the process.


Bacterial infection or duct obstruction results in sialadenitis, the phenomenon of enlargement of the salivary glands. It can lead to pain, swelling, and problems while swallowing.

Preserving oral health and resolving problems early on requires self-examinations, routine dental checkups, and timely dental treatment for any unexpected symptoms or changes to the oral cavity. Seek the advice of our dentist for a comprehensive examination and proper diagnosis if you observe any persistent or worrisome symptoms.

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